Arthritis is an illness which consists of the inflammation of the joints. This occurs due to a deterioration of the bone sustained by a joint, which begins to wear out as we grow older, or as a result of an accident. Following this process, the bone beneath begins to get thicker and more deformed, therefore restraining the normal flexibility of the joint. Arthritis is more often than not accompanied by pain, which is also known as arthralgia. Pain is just one of the five most frequent symptoms, alongside swelling, high local temperature, redness at the level of the skin surrounding the affected area and limitations in the functionality of the joint.
Over 100 types of arthritis are currently known, and their numbers seem to increase continuously. There are as many causes for this ailment as there are types of arthritis. These causes vary from the wear of the joint due to old age, namely osteoarthritis, to the inflammation of the joint caused by a hyperactive immune system, meaning rheumatoid arthritis. The most frequent causes of arthritis are genetic factors, infections, metabolic conditions, severe trauma, and autoimmune diseases, which are an immune reaction of our organism that is targeted towards its own tissue.
The most frequent types of arthritis include osteoarthritis, otherwise known as degenerative joint disease, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, reactive arthritis, gout, arthritis due to inflammation of the intestines and septic arthritis. Osteoarthritis is perhaps the most widely-encountered out of the bunch. It is mostly found in the main sustaining joints, such as the hip or the knee. These are just a few of the many types of arthritis that people can experience due to a multitude of factors.
Due to fact that obesity is an influencing factor in the development of arthritis, weight loss can also be a good natural remedy for arthritis. In the case of obese patients, the most frequent is arthritis of the hip or knee, because these are two key areas that sustain the weight of the body. Due to excessive weight, these joints become overused and develop osteoarthritis. An appropriate diet plan with the purpose of losing excess weight is therefore a great option in this case.
By adopting an exercise routine and a healthier diet, you will not only lose weight and thus reduce the pressure that is put on your joints, but you will also help relieve the symptoms of arthritis. Arthritic manifestations such as pain and stiffness of the joints are very responsive to physical exercise. Individual activities such as biking, swimming and running are great options if you want to lose weight and also diminish pain and swelling. Group fitness such as aerobics, yoga or Pilates are also very effective in this area.
A healthy diet is also good both for losing weight and relieving arthritis symptoms. By cutting out fatty foods and dairy products, you will not only get slimmer, but also experience less pain, stiffness and swelling. These foods typically worsen the symptoms of arthritis, so taking them out of your daily diet is always a good thing.