Obesity is often associated with heart health and diabetes.it can cause various health problems such as certain type of arthritis. According to statistics one out of three obese people can develop arthritis in the United States.
Arthritis is a disease that is generally characterized by joint pain and inflammation of the joints. Some types of arthritis can even induce stiffness, swelling and pain. There are many types of arthritis, the most common being osteoarthritis which affects older adults. Unfortunately, arthritis has no cure and it can cause progressive stiffness over time. The good part is that there are methods for preventing development of the disease.
Obesity can worsen the symptoms of the disease and those suffering from obesity have a higher risk of developing arthritis. Obesity affects arthritis due to the fact that the overweight exerts too much pressure on the joint areas and the fat cells cause inflammation due to certain chemicals they produce. How obesity affects arthritis patients depends on the type of arthritis they have.
The hormone leptin which is associated with obesity is known to cause inflammation of the knee joints. An extra pound is the equivalent of 4 pounds of extra pressure on the joints leading to damage and inflammation. This is why weight gain can cause arthritis to worsen. When it comes to hand osteoarthritis the fat cells produce chemicals that increase inflammation causing faster damaging of the joints resulting in pain and swelling.
Gout is one of the most painful forms of arthritis. People who have gout can’t have an active lifestyle. The disease is caused by the deposit of crystallized uric acid on the joints and in the body. According to researches, gout is linked with metabolic syndrome meaning that visceral fat and insulin resistance coupled with high blood pressure causes inflammation of the joints. Uric acid is normally eliminated by the kidneys, but when they can’t filter it out it starts depositing in the body. Insulin which is a health concern of obese people inhibits uric acid excretion. Statistically around 70% of obese people suffer from gout.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease which causes inflammation in all the parts of the body leaving the patient with extreme pain and joints erosion. Fat cells produce cytokines which causes inflammation in many parts of the body. They attack body systems such as the musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, etc. Fat cells also produce adipokines which promote inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Obesity can also cause heart disorders in people with rheumatoid arthritis therefore it is very important to watch your weight.
Around 30% of the patients suffering from psoriasis can develop psoriatic arthritis which is an autoimmune disease characterized by scaly and inflamed dermal layer. Usually, psoriasis patients have higher levels of leptin hormone which is caused by obesity. Tests are still being made to see the connection between obesity and psoriatic arthritis.
Obesity affects people with arthritis in a negative way. It is important to watch your weight in order to prevent it from worsening the symptoms of arthritis.